Peanuts are one of the popular oil seeds known to humankind since centuries. In Studies of diets with a special emphasis on peanuts have shown that this little legume is a big ally for a healthy heart.
Peanut kernels are good source of dietary protein; compose fine quality amino acids that are essential for growth and development. Peanuts high antioxidant content helps explain the results seen in the Iowa Women’s Health Study in which risk of death from cardiovascular and coronary heart diseases showed strong and consistent reductions with increasing peanut butter consumption. Total death rates decreased 11% and 19% for nut/peanut butter intake once per week and 1-4 times per week, respectively. Recent research studies suggest that roasting/boiling enhances antioxidant bio-availability in the peanuts. It has been found that boiled peanuts have two and four-fold increase in isoflavone antioxidants biochanin-A and genistein content, respectively. The nuts are packed with many important B-complex groups of vitamins such as riboflavin, niacin, thiamin, pantothenic acid, vitamin B-6, and folates . 100 g of peanuts provide about 85% of RDI of niacin, which contribute to brain health and blood flow to brain.